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Monday, 19 January 2009

A day of service, un giorno di impegno civile

Third year


Today is
MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY



At age 35, Martin Luther King Jr.
became the youngest man to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
A follower of the philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi
King is one of the world's best-known modern advocates
of nonviolent social change.

King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
in Montgomery, Alabama in 1954.
In Montgomery, he helped mobilize the black community
during a 382-day boycott of the city's bus system -
an outgrowth of the arrest of Rosa Parks.

King's house was bombed,
and he and other boycott leaders were convicted of conspiracy.
But in December 1956,
the Supreme Court declared Alabama's segregation laws
- and bus company practices -
unconstitutional.

King was a member of the executive committee
of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
In 1957, he and other black ministers
founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).

The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
- 28 August 1963 -
saw more than 250,000 protesters;
here King delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech
on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.
In 1964, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act.

College students chaffed at King's moderate and nonviolent techniques.
Other black leaders were more militant,
specifically Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael.
His last speech, given during a sanitation worker strike in Memphis,
acknowledged turbulent times
but was titled "I've Been To The Mountaintop."

He was assassinated the following day, 4 April 1968,
Are you looking for the MLK Day logo? Here you go:
the one below has a good resolution.
Click on the image if you want to enlarge it.

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